Tourist informations

IMPORTENT

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The most important informations about Poland: 

  • Capital: Warsaw
  • Language: Polish
  • Border Countries: Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, Russia
  • Population: 38 million
  • Area: 322,575 sq km (124,547 sq miles, about size of New Mexico)
  • Time Zone: CET (UTC+1
  • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
  • Climate: Temperate with mild summers and moderately severe winters
  • Currency: Zloty (PLN, zł), 1 zloty = 100 groszy
  • Government type: Republic, parliamentary democracy
  • Members of: EU, UN, NATO, OECD, WTO and many other
  • Country Code: PL

Useful information

Entering Poland

Poland is part of the Schengen Area, a zone without controls on internal borders which comprises of 28 countries. Third-country nationals may enter Poland if they are in possession of a valid travel document and a visa (if required). Council Regulation (EC) No 539/2001 includes the lists of third countries whose nationals must possess valid visas to cross external borders, and of countries whose nationals are exempt from this obligation.

Currency exchange

All major foreign currencies may be exchanged for Polish money at a bank or exchange counter- Kantor.

Banks are usually open:

  • from 9 am to 4 pm on weekdays and until 1 pm on Saturdays (in larger cities)
  • from 5 am to 1 pm (in smaller towns or villages)

Kantors are usually open:

  • from 9 am to 7 pm weekdays and until 2 pm on Saturdays.
  • 24-hour services are usually available in larger major tourist centres such as train stations, border crossings and airports.

Emergency numbers

To call an emergency service using a landline or a public phone, please dial

999 – Ambulance
998 – Fire Brigade
997 – Police
986 – Municipal Wardens (Straż Miejska)

To call an emergency service using a mobile phone, please dial
112 – all services

Travel insurance

When in Poland, foreign citizens are obliged to pay for services received from the Polish health service. To avoid such charges, you should take out insurance in your own country before you set off.

Choose a policy which provides coverage while you are travelling. Insurance companies now offer a wide range of policies which are of benefit to travellers.

Medical insurance

When in Poland, foreign nationals may be required to cover the cost of medical assistance offered by the public health service. Free emergency treatment is available to visitors from the European Union and several countries with which Poland has signed international agreements (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, Russia and Serbia ). EU nationals are required to produce a valid European Health Insurance Card (EHIC).

When you use your own transport: 

Speed limits

  • built-up area – 50 km/h
  • outside built-up area – 90 km/h
  • dual carriageway – 120 km/h
  • single-lane road – 100 km/h
  • twin lane carriageway with at least two lanes per direction – 100 km/h
  • motorway – 140 km/h

Polish cuisine

A journey to explore the tastes of Poland will lead you to rediscover the times when the same lands were occupied by people of different nations: Jews, Lithuanians, Ukrainians, Tatars. The cultural contributions made by these peoples included their special culinary traditions. This variety is noticeable on Polish tables even today. The most important, that ancient recipes are still kept alive in Poland.

  • Barszcz: beet-soup, typical of Slavic countries.
  • Babka ziemniaczana: Kind of potato cake.
  • Buckweat: in summer you cannot miss the fields of Buckwheat in full flower. Buckwheat is very tasty and rich in proteins.
  • Kartacze: typical for the region of Podlasie. Kartacze are large balls of potato-flour, filled with meat and spices.
  • Kiszka ziemniaczana: Kind of potatoe sausage.
  • Pierogi: poland’s national dish. Pierogi is a kind of dumplings, witch can be filled with meet, cheese, vegetables, mushrooms, potatoes, or in a sweet variant, with fruits, berries for exemple.
  • Bigos: Polish stew, usually with meet, mushrooms and coleslaw as main ingredients. There are 1001 versions, most of which are savoury and tasty.
  • Berries: The forests produce loads of berries in summertime and many local people harvest them to make jams or to stuff their pierogi.
  • Kindziuk- an original dried sausage.
  • Mushrooms: mushrooms are picked straight from the forest and collecting them is a national hobby.
  • Bison steak: very local, recent invention in the region of Białowieża.
  • Żubrówka: The Wodka with a blade of bison Grass- the favourite food of the bison, according to the firm.

source:

  1. http://www.poland.travel/en/useful-information/
  2. Crosbill Guide “North East Poland” ISBN: (“9789491648007”), 2013