There are 23 national parks in Poland. These were formerly run by the Polish Board of National Parks (Krajowy Zarząd Parków Narodowych), but in 2004 responsibility for them was transferred to the Ministry of the Environment. Most national parks are divided into strictly and partially protected zones. Additionally, they are usually surrounded by a protective buffer zone called otulina.
In Poland, as amended by the Nature Conservation Act 2004 “covers an area of outstanding value for the environmental, scientific, social, cultural and educational, with an area of not less than 1000 ha , which is the protection of the whole nature and qualities of landscape . The national park created to preserve biodiversity, resources, objects and elements of inanimate nature and landscape values, restoring proper state of natural resources and components and reconstruct distorted nature habitats, plants, habitats of animals and habitats of fungi.”
The area of national parks is divided into different areas using separate methods of conservation. There are strict protection zone, active and landscape.
The Polish national parks are carried out numerous research programs. Parks play an important role in education, ecological society. The national parks you can visit provide a well-developed infrastructure of tourism. Many of them have specially prepared trails and centers of educational and natural history museums.
The region of North-east Poland has four national parks (Białowieża, Biebrza, Narew, Wigry) and three natural parks.
Each of the national parks is a treasure-house of records. Of only two primeval forests bordering on a great metropolis anywhere in the world, one lies in the suburbs of Warsaw in the Kampinoski National Park. The other is in Nigeria. The Narew river, a long section of which is protected within a National Park, is one of only two braid-like rivers in the world. And the Gory Stolowe (Table Mountains) National Park has the only plate-structured mountains in Europe.